What you need to know if your children are suffering from Nearsightedness or Myopia
First- Nearsightedness, also known as myopia, is a commonly occurring problem in children that causes them to have difficulty in focusing on objects that are far away. Seeing the chalkboard in class becomes difficult and noticing a high fly ball while out in left field becomes extremely hard and possibly a little dangerous. This inability to see distant objects clearly is usually caused when the eyeball grows too long during childhood although there are other possible causes too.
Second- Heredity is a significant factor in your child’s chances for getting myopia. If both parents are near sighted, then the odds are good that the children will be nearsighted.
Third- More and more people are becoming myopic. In the early 1970’s 25% of North Americans were suffering from Myopia. Today the prevalence for Myopia is roughly 42%. In some parts of the world- in Asia for example- the rate of Myopia is being called an epidemic with over 80% of some populations being nearsighted.
Fourth- Children that spend their time outdoors focusing on distant objects have a lower risk of becoming Myopic than kids that spend their time indoors glued to their digital devices. Getting your kids outside to play seems to be a real factor in lowering your children’s risk of becoming Myopic.
Fifth- There are many complications that come with Myopia including:
- Cataracts- Associated with aging, cataracts seem to start sooner in people suffering from Myopia
- Glaucoma- Nearsighted individuals have a 200-300% of getting glaucoma- a disease that can lead to serious vision loss.
- Detached Retina- The more nearsighted a person is, the greater the risk of retinal detachment which can lead to permanent vision loss.