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Located on North Main Street across from the Va. Tech campus

Located on North Main Street across from the Va. Tech campus


Traumatic Brain Injury IQ Test

Test your Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) -IQ

1) Which of the following tests are used to evaluate TBIs?

  • SCAT (Sport Concussion Assessment Tool)
  • GOAL (Gait Observation and Analysis of Locomotion)
  • BEST (Brain Evaluation Sideline Test)

2) Kids are generally resilient, and often close to symptom free in 2 weeks following a mTBI, whereas adults typically require 4 weeks. T or F?

3) After a concussion, the guiding principle is “Rest is Best” until fully symptom free. T or F?

4) What is the single greatest predictor that someone will experience a mTBI?

5) Which is the most likely approximation of how often a mTBI occurs in the US?

  • One every second
  • One every 15 seconds
  • One every minute
  • One every 15 minutes
  • One every 30 minutes

6) What percent of those who suffer a TBI experience visual symptoms?

7) A concussion is defined as a strike to the head resulting in loss of consciousness. T or F?

8) An afternoon at the mall, shopping with friends, is a relaxing break after a concussion. T or F?

9) An MRI is often indicated to help diagnose a concussion. T or F?

10) Most doctors are very familiar with treating concussion patients. T or F?

Answers are Below.


If you’d like to learn more, please visit our website TBI page, and/or feel free to contact me – 540-953-0136, or The brain is fascinating. It’s worth knowing how to protect it and how to help it if it’s hurt.


The Answers

1) SCAT – Sport Concussion Assessment Tool – is frequently used by medical professionals to assess concussions (both sports and non-sports related). Its current edition is SCAT5. For children under 12, the appropriate version is the Child SCAT5. The other two tests sound good but aren’t real (at least not yet).

2) False – Even though kids are resilient in many ways, their developing nervous systems are more sensitive to insult than are adults. On average, children require close to 4 weeks for most to be almost symptom free following a mTBI, whereas most adults are mostly better after two weeks.

3) False – Total rest, physical and mental, is recommended for the first day or two, maybe even a week following TBI. Beyond this period, “patients can be encouraged to become gradually and progressively more active while staying below their cognitive and physical symptom-exacerbation thresholds (ie, activity level should not bring on or worsen their symptoms).”

4) A prior TBI increases the likelihood of someone experiencing a TBI more than any other factor.

5) In the US, a TBI occurs one every 15 seconds – on an annual basis this translates to approximately 2,000,000.

6) Approximately 90% of those who suffer a TBI will experience one or more visual symptoms.

7) False – Concussions occur more often without, than with, loss of consciousness. A direct blow to the head is not necessary for a concussion to occur, only that an impulsive force is transmitted to the head.

8) False – visually and auditorily busy environments can be very stressful following a TBI.

9) False -MRIs are often ordered but very rarely demonstrate structural damage if it is not already suspected.

10) False – most doctors do not have significant experience working with concussive patients, particularly beyond the initial couple of weeks following the injury.

Protecting our Patients from Coronavirus Disease Outbreak

Making sure our patients and staff are safe is our top priority. While the risk of getting the COVID-19 in the US is currently low, we know many patients are concerned about the spread of Coronavirus.

Our Promise to Our Patients:

We understand the obvious concern that coronavirus has brought to the area. We want to make you aware of the steps we are taking to protect our patients and team members in this time of uncertainty.

We request the following of patients:

  1. If you have traveled in the last 14 days to a country other than the U.S. where coronavirus has been diagnosed, or to any area in this country that has had a number of cases of concern (eg, Seattle, DC-NY metro area, parts of CA, etc…) please call the office to reschedule your appointment for next month or beyond.
  2. If you have any symptoms that mimic that of the coronavirus, which includes a fever or respiratory symptoms, including a cough, please call and reschedule your appointment at least 14 days from now.
  3. If you suspect that you have had direct contact with people who have been around any of the people who have tested positive for the coronavirus, please call us to reschedule your visit beyond 14 days from now.
  4. Remember to follow basic hygiene guidelines to avoid the spread of germs, which includes washing your hands thoroughly with warm water and soap for at least 20 seconds.

Our staff will also follow these guidelines and will not be present at work if they exhibit any of the above-mentioned symptoms:

  1. Any eye doctor or team member who is sick is staying home
  2. We sanitize every piece of equipment after each use and again at the end of the day (as part of our precautions we always adhere to).
  3. We will sanitize all patient contact surfaces between every patient.
  4. Our team washes their hands often throughout the day
  5. If we don’t shake hands with our patients during this time, please don’t take it personally.
  1. Please call us with any questions or concerns, and if you feel it best for you or your family member to reschedule your appointment, feel free to do so.
  2. We do expect this to be an ongoing situation in our area for an extended period of time, and do not want our patients to neglect their eye care needs during this time. We will continue to give recommendations based on the evidence we have on safe delivery of eye care in a time of uncertainty.

For the most up-to-date information on treatments, FAQs, news and more, please visit the following official health organizations:

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) at

World Health Organization (WHO) at

Thank you for helping us to protect all of our patients.

Drs. Jacobs, Steckenrider and Staff